Every country has an exclusive economic zone in seas extending
to 200 miles from their coasts. So it needs some kind of force
to check the smuggling, infiltration, misuse of its resources
by foreigners. With this objective in mind, Indian coast guard,
a paramilitary force was set up in 1978's under ministry of defence.
Its function includes:
and protection of artificial stands, off share terminals, structure
and devices in zone.
provisions of legislations pertaining to
measures for safety of life and property at sea.
There are following operational branches:
(1) General duty branch: Their responsibility is to ensure
the safety of ship and men, efficient operation of ship. They
operate weapons and sensors and perform command function.
(2) Pilot/ navigator branch: they operate in shore air
stations to patrol the exclusive economic zones
(3) Engineering branch: Engineers are responsible for keeping
the m/c, equipments in good working conditions. They work in Coast
Guard Repair Organization.
(4) Electrical branch: A ship has its own mini generation
and distribution system, complex radio communication equipments,
radars etc. Electrical Engineers are responsible for the efficient
working for these systems.
Educational Requirements: Degree with Physics and Mathematics
Age limit: 21-25 years
Physical Requirements: Height: 157cms (min.)
Weight: 45 kgs to 91 kgs
Educational Requirements: Degree in Naval Architecture/Marine/Electronics/Design/
Equivalent qualification in any of the above mentioned disciplines.
Age limit: 21-30 years
Physical Requirements: Height: 157cms
Weight: Proportional to height ±10%is acceptable.
Educational Requirements: B.Sc with Physics and Mathematics, Direct
Age limit: 19-27 years
Physical Requirements: Height: 162cms to 197cms
Weight: 45 kgs to 91 kgs Proportionate to Height
Selection to various cadres of Coast Guard is made every year
in January and June. Forms are filled 6 months in advance. Examinations
are conducted in two phases.
Phase1-Preliminary selection board tests applicants in G.K. and
I.Q. at Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and
Phase2-The examination is a test of Science, I.Q., G.K. This is
followed by Interviews and Medical
Director(Training) Recruitment Cell, Coast Guard Headquarters,
National Stadium Complex,Purana Quila Road, New Delhi