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ARCHITECTURE & CONSTRUCTION

 

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Q1.What is the Nature of Work of Architecture ?
Q2
.What is the architects field of work ?
Q3.What is the Eligibility and Training ?
Q4.What are the spectrum of careers are open ?


Q1.What is the Nature of Work of Architecture ?

A1. Making a good building means more than constructing an attractive one; it needs to be functional, safe, economical and satisfy the needs of its occupants. Architects may be involved in practically all the phases of the building construction - right from the initial talks with the clients, down to the buying of materials. The different areas that an architect may wish to pursue are: -

Designing - some architects choose to concentrate on design work, depending on the type of firm or projects they are working on. It involves both artistic and scientific skills to produce a technically feasible structure. The architect first receives instructions from the client about the type of building wanted, following which the architect sketches and plans the building, showing sizes, specifications and also estimates the cost of all materials. Sometimes, a large project may require the need for a model. -

Administration work - on finalizing the plans, the architect may be the one who obtains building permission from the local authorities, prepares and negotiates contracts with building contractors, civil and structural engineers and surveyors. The contract needs to be looked after by the architect, who would have to pay visits to the site on a regular basis, keep an eye on the quality of work and progress, give necessary instructions to the contractor agents, certify payments, discuss problems with the site manager or engineers. The best part of the architect's job is the variety involved; they can be asked to design any type of building - schools, homes, offices, hospitals, factories, apartment buildings, shopping centres, colleges and complete communities. They also get to work with people of many different fields like interior designers, urban planners, landscape architects and so on.

Architecture involves a lot of hard work. In the initial stages of one's career, prospective architects work as assistants to established architects, with low salaries. Duties include researching zoning regulations, working with subcontractors (electricians, plumbers, etc.), and drafting plans, either manually or with computer assistance. Long hours and little responsibility characterize these first few years. Over a period of time as junior architects gain some experience, they start designing parts of a building. At this stage they keep in constant touch with the contractor and ensure that the construction conforms to the plans. It is not until a decade or so that most architects get actual opportunities to design and plan buildings as the lead architect.

Q2.What is the architects field of work ?

A2 Not only hospitals or only houses etc. Others may opt for the construction part or management of their firm etc. With a post-graduate degree, those wishing to specialize in particular area have a range of topics that they can choose from, some of which are described here :

Architectural Conservation Building Engineering Management Housing and Environmental Planning Urban Planning and development - This comes under the State's responsibility. The Ministry of Urban Development is in charge for the construction and maintenance of all Central government buildings, accommodation buildings for Central Government employees and lastly, the management of Central Government property.

. The architects design areas to make them more functional and beautiful, and also compatible with the natural environment. Where the plants and shrubs should go and how the roads will be placed is all decided by architect. Redesigning of the streets can also be done to help decrease the traffic and improve pedestrian access. A Post Graduate course in Urban Design and Landscape architecture is offered by : The Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, Kasturba Lal Bhai Campus Ahmedabad 381009. Naval Architecture - This deals with designing, constructing and maintaining all structures that are made and used at sea, including dockyard, oil platforms, loading machines, oil rigs. All the vessels afloat at sea are made at the ship building industry by the naval architects who constantly do research for new ideas and improvements. These architects are also needed in fishery and oceanography organizations. Big ship builders like the Hindustan Shipping in Vishakhapatnam, and others in Calcutta, Chennai, Cochin, Mumbai, Vishakhapatnam employ naval architects.

Q3.What is the Eligibility and Training ?

A3. Bachelor in Architecture is a 5 year course after +2. There are about a number of national institutions that offer architectural training at the under-graduate level. Those candidates who have studied Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics can apply for admission. A minimum of 60% marks in aggregate in the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (+2) is required, with the main subjects being English and Mathematics. An entrance examination will be given to test the candidates on their comprehension, sketching abilities and IQ. The top institutions in Ahmedabad and Delhi give about 30% weightage to class 12 results and the rest to the entrance exam. The course can be taken full-time or part-time, the former being divided into 10 semesters (16 weeks each) that also includes 6 months of practical training.

The basic subjects taught are Humanities, Arts and Crafts, Design, Engineering and Technology. The studies mainly focus on : developing awareness of the technical, cultural and environmental factors that determine the limits of any architectural problem understanding the institutional forces which will define the ground on which decisions will be framed balancing the aesthetic, scientific and technical requirements During the final year, students need to undergo practical apprenticeship with a selected Architectural firm. This training helps them to practice and learn all the various aspects of architectural designing, under the guidance of experienced professionals. The Post-graduate awards offered are the Masters degree (M.Arch.), the PG diploma and the Ph.D., which usually last from about 1 and a half to 2 years.

Some of the reputed institutions are : - The Centre of Environment and Planning Technology, Ahmedabad - The JJ School of Architecture and - The School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi The general opinion is that Ahmedabad focuses more on design and creates good academicians Delhi is good for those interested in practical training since Delhi's architectural activity is high Mumbai tends to produce sleek interiors' women and men Roorkee produces students who technically, know their stuff With the above degrees that have been approved by the All India Council for Technical Education, candidates and professionals who are registered members of the Indian Institute of Architects can request entitlement of practice from the Council of Architects.

Q4.What are the spectrum of careers are open ?

A4. There are a number of government jobs and other public sector posts that need good architects. Secondly, many private firms offer good opportunities to work and learn under a professional. Those wishing to balance both teaching and practicing architecture can opt for a Professor's job at any of the institutions; many of which prefer candidates who are currently working in the field.

The last option taken is probably to establish one's own private practice. This requires a lot of experience and finance, which is why people do not immediately go into it after their studies. Unlike most careers, architecture has a fixed scale of remuneration, set by the Council of Architecture. This is calculated at a percentage of the total tendered cost of the project; this could range anywhere from 1% for urban designs to 5% on buildings to 10% for interiors.

Construction - There are a number of opportunities available in the Archaeological Department, the Ministry of Defence, Department of Railways, Telegraphs and Post, private sector companies and other public works departments. Town and country planners are employed by the planning departments of the Central and State departments, the development authorities, housing boards and so on. Supervisors on site are usually paid around Rs. 5000 to Rs. 8000 per month (government pay-scale); site engineers are paid between Rs. 5000 to Rs. 12,000 monthly.

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