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Veterinary Science Faqs

Q1.What is the eligibility and training for veterinary science and animal husbandry ?
Q2.What are the choices for the student of veterinary science ?
Q3.What are the Job Prospects ?
Q4.What is the remuneration in this job?
Q5. What are the Personal Attributes a veterinarian should have?

Q1.What is the eligibility and training for veterinary science and animal husbandry ?
A1. Just as in the case of medicine, veterinary science can be studied after 10+2. The basic requirement is a combination of physics, chemistry and biology at 10+2 level. Veterinary colleges in almost all states offer both graduate and post graduate courses in veterinary science and animal husbandry. The graduate course of study is for a duration of four years followed by a year's practical internship. This course is known as B.V.Sc. and as in any other discipline the Masters course can be pursued after this. The Masters course is known as M.V.Sc. The Masters course requires a specialised branch of study. The options open for this range from medicine, surgery, gynaecology, pathology and so on. Almost as many as in the regular medical field itself. To be more specific the specialisation to be opted for can be chosen from animal anatomy, animal biotechnology, animal husbandry, animal economics, animal husbandry extension, animal reproduction, livestock extension, animal genetics and breeding, dairy science and technology, dairy chemistry, dairy engineering, dairy microbiology, food hygiene, feed and fodder technology, meat science and technology, animal nutrition, poultry science and technology, piggery, preventive medicine and toxicology to name a few.

Q2.What are the choices for the student of veterinary science ?
A2.A student of veterinary science would have a choice of the following types of disciplines viz., v Basic courses like anatomy, physiology and biochemistry. v Clinical courses, surgery and radiology, gynaecology and obstetrics. v Paraclinical studies like pharmacology, parasitology, microbiology, pathology and epideiology. v Animal production studies which include nutrition, breeding, livestock production and management, animal and poultry products processing technology. Nature of work There are many sectors, which require the services of a veterinarian. A few of these are the agriculture sector, government animal husbandry departments, poultry farms, dairy farms, stud farms, veterinary hospitals and clinics in both the private sector and the government sector. During the course of work a veterinarian will be required to diagnose the ailment of an animal. This would entail a physical and clinical examination. Once the problem has been identified administration of medication would be needed. This also entails physical contact with animals. Other areas of functioning include vaccination of animals, providing information on nutrition and health, scientific breeding using methods like in-vitro fertilisation and artificial insemination, experiments on animals in order to control diseases spread by them, research involving animals for various purposes like vaccine production, animals genetics and so on.

Q3.What are the Job Prospects ?
A3 Several career options are open to graduates in veterinary science. Dairy and poultry farms require the services of a veterinarian. The areas of specialisation in this sector are production of milk, egg and other products. Needless to say the health of the animals on the farm is also the responsibility of the veterinarian. Urban areas also need the services of a veterinarian. The practice of keeping pets at home is very prevalent in urban areas. Private practices flourish in these areas. The government also employs veterinarians as public health professionals whose services are used in zoos, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. The Defence Services use horses, dogs, camels, etc., for various purposes. So even they need the services of a veterinarian. Various organisations employ veterinarians in their research and development departments also. Then there is also the teaching line, after all new veterinarians are being trained everyday.

Q4.What is the remuneration in this job?
A4. Postgraduates in the field of veterinary science can go in for research. Remuneration On an average a veterinarian can earn in the range of Rs.5,000 to Rs.50,000 per month. The kind of practice will determine the amount of remuneration. It is the private practitioners who generally get lucrative monetary returns. However in this profession as in the medical profession the greatest reward comes from alleviating someone's pain. Here, the satisfaction is somewhat higher as mute animals are involved.

Q5. What are the Personal Attributes a veterinarian should have?
A5.
The first and foremost attribute required for a good veterinarian is genuine love and compassion for animals. And as animals come in various sizes, moods and behaviour, a good veterinarian should have physical stamina, quick reflexes and should be able to instinctively gauge the animal's mood. Adaptability to unusual conditions of work is very important. This is again because of the unpredictable nature of the patients involved. If anything a veterinarian's job is more difficult than that of a doctor dealing with humans. This is because a veterinarian's patients cannot communicate verbally. So a veterinarian needs to be extra sensitive, patient and perceptive.

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